Download brochure (pdf)

Read brochure online


In Belgium you can speak any language you want. For contacts with the authorities three official languages can be used: Dutch, French and German.These languages are not spoken everywhere, because Belgium is subdivided into federated states. Each federated state has its own official language. Only the Brussels-Capital Region is bilingual.However, more and more residents in our country are multilingual and speak the two most important national languages.



In Belgium, people can speak any language they want. This language freedom is embedded in the Constitution. It implies that you can decide yourself which language you use in your household, among friends, in the media, and in the cultural, economic, commercial and religious fields.
Like any other country, Belgium also has official languages. These are Dutch, French and German. These three languages are spoken in areas that are more or less delineated. Mid-last century, language areas were delineated on the basis of language use. The prevailing language spoken in a specific area also became the language of administration for that area.   Belgium is composed of four language areas: the Dutch language area, the French language area, the German language area (9 municipalities in the east of Belgium) and the bilingual Brussels-Capital area.
This subdivision into language areas and official languages does by no means detract from the language freedom. The use of one (or several) of these official languages is compulsory in a limited number of situations, especially in contacts with the authorities. Sometimes this obligation only applies to the official body, other times to the citizens as well.

The Germanic-Latin language border probably came into being during the
fifth century. During this period the Roman Empire disintegrated into chaos, and large numbers of German Franks settled in our region. At that time, it was inhabited by the Gauls and Celts, both of whom had assimilated Roman culture. The north was mainly inhabited by the German Franks, who in the south were in the minority. The establishment of a border between the Germans in the north and the Romans in the south was a fac



Belgium counts 10,839,905 inhabitants: 6.25 million in the Flemish Region (Dutch language area), 3.5 million in the Walloon Region (French language area + German language area) and 1.09 million in the Brussels-Capital Region (bilingual area).
It is difficult to verify the number of Dutch speakers and French speakers in Belgium. The Walloon Region, for instance, is also home to Dutch speakers, and the Flemish Region to French speakers. The Brussels-Capital Region has French speakers, Dutch speakers and foreign speakers among its inhabitants. It is not registered anywhere who speaks which language. The German-speaking Community (which is a part of the Walloon Region) counts about 75,000 inhabitants.



An increasing number of Flemish people and French speakers in Belgium speak at least a second and even a third language. These days, there is little chance that you will meet anyone here who does not speak English. A lot of Flemish people speak French and more and since some time now more French speakers are learning Dutch. The knowledge of German is less widely spread.

Most people start to learn an additional language in language education. In Dutch-language education the French lessons start at the age of 10. At the age of 14, pupils are also taught English. This may be followed by German and Spanish. Flemish people frequently come into contact with the English language through the media. Foreign films and TV series, for instance, are not dubbed, but subtitled.
As a result, you can often also speak English in informal situations throughout Belgium. However, this does not change anything about the use of the official languages of administration in each language area. It is therefore recommended to also learn the language of that area.


language areas



  1. Which language is spoken in Belgium?
  2. In which language can I contact the authorities?
  3. Which language is taught at school?
  4. What language is spoken in companies and hospitals?
  5. How can I keep abreast of current events in Belgium?
  6. Why is Belgium not just bilingual?
  7. Why do the Flemish people hold so strongly to the monolingualism in the Vlaamse Rand?
  8. Why do the municipalities in the Vlaamse Rand around Brussels continue to be Flemish, even when they are inhabited by a majority of foreign speakers?
  9. Why is Brussels bilingual when only a minority of Dutch speakers live there?
  10. Why does Flanders refuse to ratify the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities?